Traction Elevators: Traction elevators are divided into various types based on the relationship between the elevator car and the piston. They can be categorized as hydraulic direct-central, hydraulic direct-side, and hydraulic indirect-side.
Traction elevators are those in which the movement of the elevator car is achieved through the friction between the cable and the traction sheave when driven by the motor during rotation. Traction elevators can be further classified into geared and gearless types. In geared traction elevators, the electric motor is connected to the traction sheave via a gearbox, while gearless traction elevators lack a gearbox.
Hydraulic Elevators: The distinguishing factor for both traction and hydraulic elevator systems is the quality of the equipment produced by the manufacturing company. This company has significant experience in the installation, commissioning, and maintenance of traction and hydraulic system equipment in specialized conditions and spaces.
Types of elevators
Based on different applications, hydraulic and traction elevators can be categorized as follows:
Home Lifts: Elevators designed for residential use, commonly known as home lifts.
Passenger Elevators: General-purpose elevators designed for the transportation of passengers in various buildings.
Glass Elevators (Panoramic): Elevators with transparent walls, often used in commercial buildings for aesthetics and providing panoramic views.
Hospital Elevators: Elevators specially designed for use in healthcare facilities, catering to the unique needs of patients and medical staff.
Car Elevators: Elevators designed for the vertical transportation of vehicles, commonly found in parking garages and automotive showrooms.
Freight Elevators: Elevators intended for transporting goods and heavy loads, typically used in warehouses and industrial settings.
Food Elevators: Elevators specifically designed for the vertical transport of food and dishes, commonly used in restaurants and commercial kitchens.
Inclined Lifts: Elevators used in special conditions where there is an inclined or sloped surface, often employed in hilly or mountainous areas.
Each of these elevator types serves a specific purpose and is tailored to meet the unique requirements of its intended use.
Elevators are among the most commonly used facilities in buildings. Although in the past, the use of elevators in tall buildings was limited due to safety concerns, with technological advancements and adherence to safety standards, the use of elevators in tall buildings has significantly increased. In the following, we will introduce and discuss buying elevator points.
Introduction to Elevators
Elevators are used as a public transportation vehicle for people and goods in tall buildings. Elevators are divided into two categories: commercial and residential. Commercial elevators are designed for use in tall buildings, hotels, hospitals, and so on, while residential elevators are designed for use in private homes. Buying an elevator, regardless of its purpose, will make your job much easier.
Buying Elevator Points
If you are currently planning to buy an elevator for your under-construction building, whether it’s a commercial or residential structure, it’s best to pay attention to the points listed below to select the appropriate elevator and have it installed:
Use Quality Components: For buying an elevator, it’s better to use high-quality components to extend the elevator’s lifespan and reduce the need for repairs and part replacements.
Use Safety Systems: When buying an elevator, pay attention to its safety systems, including the braking system, controlled speed system, and anti-fall system.
Adherence to Safety Standards: When buying an elevator, ensure that safety standards, both local and international, are followed in the design, construction, and installation of the elevator.
Choose Reputable Manufacturers: To buy an elevator, it’s important to use reputable and well-known manufacturers. This way, you can be sure that the best elevator for your building is selected.
After-Sales Services: When buying an elevator, also consider the company’s after-sales services. Make sure that the manufacturer or seller is available for after-sales services and can easily resolve any issues.
Elevator Installation Services
Elevator installation is a complex and sensitive process that requires the knowledge and technical expertise of experienced and dedicated professionals. Below, we will outline some principles and methods for elevator installation.
Assess the Existing Space: First, the available space for elevator installation needs to be assessed. If there isn’t enough space, considerations such as altering the building’s structure, changing cable routing, and managing the building’s space may be necessary.
Elevator Selection and Purchase: After evaluating the available space and determining the building’s requirements, it’s essential to choose an appropriate elevator that offers the best solution for the building’s needs. To do this, you can consult with elevator specialists to find a suitable and high-quality elevator.
Installation of Mechanical Components: Following the purchase of the elevator, the mechanical components, including the motor, cabin, rails, and control systems, must be installed. During this phase, determining the placement of the elevator’s rails and cabin is also crucial.
Wiring Installation: Wiring installation is a critical step in elevator installation. Power cables and control wires of the elevator should be adequately extended and connected to the control system and the elevator’s motor.
Testing and Function Verification: After the complete installation of the elevator, its performance needs to be tested to ensure its functionality and safety. Testing and function verification should be conducted by an experienced technician, and once approved, the elevator will be ready for use.
The cost of elevator installation and purchase depends on various factors, which we will discuss below.
Type and Size of the Elevator: The type and size of the elevator are significant factors affecting the cost of purchasing an elevator. Larger and more complex elevators come with higher price tags.
Building Type: The type of building is another factor influencing the cost of elevator installation. Installing an elevator in older buildings or structures with complex designs may require a higher investment.
Installation Location: The installation location of the elevator is another factor impacting installation costs. Installing an elevator in locations that are hard to access can result in higher expenses.
Quality of Components and Materials: The quality of components and materials used in elevator installation also affects its cost. Using high-quality parts can increase the overall cost of elevator purchase and installation.
After-Sales Services: After-sales services are another influential factor in the cost of elevator installation and purchase. High-quality and reliable after-sales services can reduce costs due to fewer repairs and improved elevator reliability.
Industrial elevators are a type of elevator used for transporting heavy and bulky loads. These elevators are commonly employed in factories, warehouses, workshops, multi-story residential buildings, and various industries such as metalworking, automotive, and construction. Below are some features of industrial elevators to help you better understand them if you are considering purchasing an industrial elevator.
High Capacity: Industrial elevators are designed to carry heavy and large loads, making their capacity very high, capable of transporting loads weighing several tons.
Low Speed: In contrast to standard elevators that move at high speeds, industrial elevators operate at lower speeds due to the need to handle heavy loads.
High Durability: Industrial elevators are designed to withstand harsh industrial conditions. Therefore, they are constructed using highly durable components and materials.
Precise Control: Industrial elevators are equipped with precise and advanced control systems designed for the transportation of heavy and bulky loads.
High Safety: Industrial elevators must feature highly sensitive and robust safety systems to prevent accidents. Essential safety systems include anti-fall and lightning protection.
Elevator Sales Representatives
Many of you may have approached an elevator sales representative when considering the purchase of an elevator. An elevator sales representative is a company or an individual that acts as an intermediary between the elevator manufacturer and customers. Elevator sales representatives can belong to large companies or operate as independent sellers. Below are some of the responsibilities and activities of elevator sales representatives.
Introduction of Products: One of the primary tasks of elevator sales representatives is to introduce products produced by the elevator manufacturer to customers. Elevator sales representatives should present the products in detail to both existing and potential customers and assist them in choosing the right elevator.
Provision of Technical Consultation: Elevator sales representatives should provide technical consultation to their customers. This includes advising on the selection of the appropriate type and size of the elevator, installation and maintenance procedures, and addressing technical issues related to the elevator.
Elevator Sales and Installation: Elevator sales representatives should have the capability to sell and install elevators. This includes providing price quotes, negotiating with customers, and performing the elevator installation at the desired location.
After-Sales Services: Elevator sales representatives should offer after-sales services to their customers. These services include repair and maintenance, supplying spare parts, and updating elevator software.
Communication with the Manufacturer: Elevator sales representatives must maintain strong communications with the elevator manufacturing company. These communications involve placing new orders, requesting technical support, and liaising with other departments of the manufacturing company.
Elevator Purchase in Tehran
Tehran, as one of the major and bustling cities filled with tall buildings, is a significant market for various types of elevators. Purchasing an elevator in Tehran can be crucial and essential for owners of residential, commercial, and office buildings. However, buying an elevator is a significant decision that should be made carefully, with thorough research, to ensure both the quality and performance of the elevator and to prevent additional expenses.
Selecting a reputable company, comparing prices, examining technical specifications and installation and maintenance procedures, evaluating safety systems, and seeking advice from experts in the field can assist you in buying the best elevator at the best price. Moreover, if you are looking to purchase an elevator in Tehran, you can make use of online resources and various websites that are active in this field to gain more information and make a better choice.
Elevators are highly practical and useful facilities in buildings, and their use can be easily accomplished when safety standards are observed. To purchase an elevator, it is important to use high-quality components and suitable safety systems. Adhering to safety standards, selecting a reputable manufacturer, and having appropriate after-sales services are also highly significant.
Additionally, for installing elevators in older buildings, there may be a need for structural modifications that should be taken into account. In such cases, it is advisable to consult with building experts, architects, and electrical engineers to find the best solution for elevator installation in your building.
Ultimately, installing and using elevators in buildings is strongly recommended. By choosing the right elevator and observing safety standards, the use of this transportation method in tall buildings can greatly facilitate vertical movement between floors.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Can elevator installation be costly for building owners?
Yes, elevator installation can be relatively expensive, but it is essential to note that installing elevators in skyscrapers and large buildings can significantly increase the building’s value and attract new occupants. Furthermore, installing elevators in older buildings can reduce renovation and maintenance costs and, as a result, help prolong the building’s lifespan.
- Are elevators usable for individuals who use wheelchairs?
Yes, individuals who move with wheelchairs can also use elevators. Some elevators are specifically designed for individuals who require wheelchair access. These elevators typically have larger dimensions, wider doors, and lower control buttons to provide greater comfort to individuals using wheelchairs.
- What is the maintenance interval for elevators?
To ensure optimal elevator performance and prevent breakdowns and malfunctions, regular maintenance and inspections are crucial. In most countries, there are companies responsible for elevator maintenance and repair. After an elevator is installed, a maintenance contract is usually signed with these companies. For elevators used more frequently, maintenance and inspections should be performed every six months or at least once a year. For less frequently used elevators, maintenance and inspections every one to two years are usually sufficient. If any issues or malfunctions occur in elevators, it is important to contact experienced and specialized repair technicians promptly to address and resolve the problems, ensuring the safety of elevator use.