Escalators come in three main categories: outdoor, semi-outdoor, and indoor. They are respectively used in enclosed environments (inside buildings), semi-enclosed areas (pedestrian overpasses), and open areas (outside of buildings). Escalators are typically designed at angles of 30 and 35 degrees. However, in flat locations, they can be designed at zero degrees, and in sloped surfaces at 10, 11, and 12 degrees, which are known as AutoWalks or moving walkways.
Compared to elevators, escalators occupy less space while facilitating the efficient movement of passengers. Their use in commercial centers and stores offers a competitive advantage and adds significant value. Boarding and disembarking on escalators are quick processes, with no waiting time involved. Moreover, time is not wasted on acceleration, deceleration, leveling with floors, or opening and closing doors. It’s worth noting that in building design, elevators are often included alongside escalators to accommodate individuals with disabilities or those who cannot use escalators.
Escalators, one of the facilities used to enhance comfort and safety in the movement between residential, commercial, and industrial floors. Considering that purchasing an escalator is one of the most significant steps in equipping various buildings, including large stores, this article will explore the advantages, disadvantages, and important points to consider when buying an escalator.
Types of Escalator Models
When buying an escalator, you have various options to choose from, depending on your budget and the specific needs of your building. In general, escalator models are categorized based on their appearance, including the following:
Parallel Escalator: This type of escalator consists of two rows of steps moving alongside each other in opposite directions, with one going up and the other going down. Parallel escalators are the most common type and are used in crowded and high-traffic environments such as shopping malls, retail centers, and metro stations.
Cross Escalator: Cross escalators place two rows of steps in a cross-shaped pattern, with one set moving upward and the other downward. This type of escalator occupies less space compared to parallel escalators and is suitable for locations like shopping centers and some specific settings like cinemas.
Curved Escalator: The curved escalator is another option available for your escalator purchase. It features a curve to the left or right, depending on the building’s requirements. The curvature in the path of this escalator adds to its aesthetics and can be used in various building types.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Escalators
Purchasing and using escalators in various buildings can have both advantages and disadvantages. If you intend to install an escalator in your building, it’s essential to familiarize yourself with these pros and cons.
Advantages of Escalators
Convenience in Floor-to-Floor Movement: Escalators are highly useful tools for moving between different building floors, making floor-to-floor transportation easier and faster.
Efficient and Safe Features: Unlike regular stairs, escalators come equipped with features such as adjustable speed, automatic stops, and the ability to carry loads, making them efficient and safe.
Disadvantages of Escalators
- Installation Costs: One of the drawbacks of escalators is the cost of installation. Escalators require the installation of electrical and mechanical systems, which can be expensive for some customers. Moreover, if an escalator breaks down, the cost of repairs can also be significant.
Buying an Escalator
When purchasing an escalator to ensure the right choice, maximum performance, and a long service life, it’s advisable to consider several key points. Here are some of these considerations:
Safety Standards: When buying an escalator, you must ensure that the device complies with safety standards.
Type of Escalator: Escalators come in various configurations and different lengths. Select the size and type of escalator based on your installation location and specific needs.
Brand Name: Pay attention to the brand name of the escalator when making your purchase. A reputable brand ensures that your device is of the highest quality and that replacement parts will be readily available if needed.
Cost: The price of an escalator varies based on the type, size, and brand of the device. Before making a purchase, it’s best to compare different prices and select an option that fits within your budget.
Price of Electric Staircases
The purchase price of an electric staircase depends on several factors, and these factors can create significant differences in the price of the electric staircase. Some of the influential factors affecting the price of an electric staircase include the following:
Height of the Electric Staircase: The height of the electric staircase directly impacts its price. The higher the electric staircase, the higher its cost will be.
Number of Steps: The number of steps also plays a role in determining the price. Choosing a higher number of steps will result in an increased cost.
Type of Electric Staircase: The type of electric staircase has an effect on its price. You can select from various types, including parallel, crossover, or curved electric staircases for your building.
Quality and Brand of the Electric Staircase: The quality and brand of the electric staircase are among the most significant factors influencing the price. Staircases from reputable brands and of higher quality come at a higher cost.
Installation Costs: The cost of installing the electric staircase also affects its price. The installation cost depends on the installation site’s conditions and the complexity of the work.
Maintenance and Repair Costs: The costs related to maintenance and repairs of the electric staircase should be factored into its price. High-quality staircases tend to have lower maintenance and repair costs.
Installation and Startup of the Electric Staircase
After purchasing an electric staircase, the next step is the installation in the building. Installing and starting up an electric staircase is a sensitive and important process that should be meticulously planned as a construction project. Below, we will explain the installation and startup stages of the electric staircase for you:
Select the Appropriate Electric Staircase: In this stage, it’s necessary to choose the right electric staircase for the installation location. This includes evaluating the installation environment, considering the height and number of steps, selecting the type of electric staircase, and estimating the installation and maintenance costs.
Calculate the Required Electrical Power: At this point, you need to calculate the electrical power needed for the electric staircase. To do this, you should consider the number of steps, the maximum load-bearing capacity, and the speed of the electric staircase.
Install Electrical Cabling: In this stage, you must install the electrical cables connecting the building’s power system to the electric staircase. The choice of cables should match the electric staircase’s power requirements.
Install the Electric Staircase: During this phase, the electric staircase should be positioned in its designated location. To achieve this, you should adhere the electric staircase to the installation floor and connect it using the provided connectors.
Test and Commence the Electric Staircase: In this step, you need to test and commence the electric staircase. Connect the electric staircase to power and, using the control buttons, evaluate its performance and functionality.
Installation and Safety Settings: In this stage, you should install and configure the safety system of the electric staircase. This includes mounting motion sensors, locking systems, automatic error-stop systems, and other relevant safety components.
User Training: During this phase, provide user training. Familiarize users with how the electric staircase operates, how to use the control buttons, how the safety system functions, and how to perform maintenance and repairs, if necessary.
In conclusion, it’s important to remember that installing and starting up an electric staircase is a complex process that requires expertise and precision. It’s advisable to have experienced and specialized technicians perform this task to ensure the safety of users and the building.
An electric staircase is one of the useful facilities in various buildings that facilitates movement between floors with efficient and safe operation, making it easier and faster. However, the installation and maintenance costs of an electric staircase can be challenging for some individuals. When purchasing an electric staircase, pay attention to factors such as safety standards, selecting the appropriate type of electric staircase, a reputable brand, and cost. By considering these factors, you can choose a suitable electric staircase and benefit from its features.